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Complete phrasal verb list

Essa lista de verbos frasais é muito completa e com certeza vai te ajudar muito a falar cada vez melhor o ingles.

  Phrasal Verb  Definition Example

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act up behave or function improperly I think I need to take my car to the mechanic because it's acting up again.  

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add * up + calculate a sum I added up the receipts and it totaled $135.46.  

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add up make sense Her story doesn't add up. I think she is lying.  

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add up to + equal an amount The total expenses added up to $325.00.   

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ask * out + invite on a date I can't believe that Joe finally asked me out on a date!  

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ask * over + invite to one's home Why don't we ask the Johnsons over for dinner?  

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back * up + give support You need examples to back up your opinion.   

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back down stop defending your opinion in a debate Jane never backs down. She always wins arguments.  

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back out not keep (a promise, agreement,deal) Sam backed out at the last second.  

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back out of + not keep (a promise, agreement, deal) Sam backed out of the agreement at the last second.  

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back up move backwards, reverse Could you back up a little so I can open this drawer.  

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bawl * out  criticize, reprimand (inf.) She bawled him out for arriving late.  

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bear down on + bite The soldier had to bear down on the leather strap while the doctor removed a bullet from the soldier's arm.  

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bear down on + take strong measures against The U.S.A. is bearing down on drug traffickers.  

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bear on + have to do with This information may bear on this case.  

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bear up withstand I didn't think he would bear up so well in that situation.  

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bear up under + withstand How did he bear up under such extreme pressure.  

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bear with + be patient Please bear with me while I fill out the paperwork.  

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blow * up + make explode;destroy using explosives The terrorists blew the bridge up.  
         

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blow in visit unexpectedly (inf.) My cousin blew in unexpectedly with his entire family.  

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blow over pass without creating a problem All this negative publicity will blow over in a couple of weeks.  

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blow up explode The bomb blew up before they could defuse it.  

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blow up suddenly become very angry When Joan heard the news, she blew up and rushed out of the room.  

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break * down + analyze in detail We need to break this problem down in order to solve.  

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break * in + wear or use something new until it is comfortable I need to break these shoes in before I go hiking.  

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break * off + end something Sally broke her engagement to John off.  

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break * up + break into pieces I broke the cracker up into pieces and put it in the soup.  

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break * up + disperse (a crowd), stop (a fight) The police broke the demonstration up before it got out of control.  

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break down stop working properly The truck broke down in the desert.  

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break down become mentally ill She broke down after her husband died.  

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break in interrupt While we were discussing the situation, Terri broke in to give her opinion.  

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break in enter a place unlawfully The burglar broke in between midnight and 3 AM.  

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break in on + interrupt (a conversation) Jane broke in on the conversation and told us to get back to work.  

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break into + enter a house unlawfully The burglar broke into the house between midnight and 3 AM.  

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break into + interrupt (a conversation) Jane broke into the conversation and told us what she knew.  

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break out appear violently Violent protests broke out in response to the military coup.  

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break out + use something extravagant for celebration He broke out the champagne to celebrate his promotion.  

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break out  of + escape The murderer broke out of the prison.  

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break up end a relationship Sam and Diane broke up again. What a rocky relationship.  
         

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bring * about + cause to happen Democracy brought about great change in the lives of the people.  

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bring * along + bring with When we go to the forest, bring your wildlife guide along.  

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bring * around change someone's mind, convince someone She doesn't want to go, but we'll eventually bring her around.  

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bring * away learn or gain (from an experience) My trip across the Sahara was difficult, but I brought a new appreciation for life away from the experience.  

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bring * off + succeed at something difficult or unexpected You robbed the bank! I can't believe you brought that off.  

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bring * on + cause something I can't believe she got so angry. What brought that on?  

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bring * out + highlight, stress Your new shirt brings out the color of your eyes.  

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bring * over + bring to someone's house When you visit me, why don't you bring over your son.  

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bring * to revive consciousness We used smelling salts to bring her to after she fainted.  

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bring * up + mention I didn't want to bring up the fact that she was unemployed.  

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bring * up + raise ( a child) Sam was brought up in South Carolina.  

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brush * off + ignore something or someone (inf.) Mary brushed her ex-boyfriend off at the party.  

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burn * down + destroy by setting fire to The children burned the house down while playing with matches.  

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burn * up + destroy by fire He burnt up the files.  

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burn down burn until completely gone (building) Two buildings burnt down in the fire.  

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burn up be hot I am burning up in here - open the window.  

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burn up  consume by fire The papers were burned up in the fire.  

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buy * out + buy the shares of a company or the shares the other person owns of a business Pacific Inc. was bought out by a company from Oregon.   

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buy * up + purchase the entire supply of something We bought up all the beer in the store.  

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call * off + cancel something They called the picnic off because of the rain.  
         

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call * off + order to stop (an invasion, guard dogs) He called off the dogs when he saw it was his neighbor.  

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call * up + telephone I called Sam up to see if he wanted to go to the movies.  

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call for + require (as in a recipe) This recipe calls for milk, not water.  

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call on + visit Mark called on Naomi while he was in town.  

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call on + invite someone to speak in a meeting or a classroom Professor Tanzer called on Tim to answer the question.   

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calm * down + make someone relax You can calm the baby down by rocking her gently.  

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care for + nurse someone or something He cared for the bird until its wing healed.  

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care for + like someone or something I don't care for sour cream on my potato.  

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carry * out + complete and/or accomplish something The secret agent carried out his orders exactly as planned.   

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carry * over + continue on a subsequent day, page, etc. The meeting carried over into lunch time.  

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carry on + continue (a conversation, a game) Please, carry on. I didn't mean to interrupt you.  

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carry on about + continue in an annoying way  He kept carrying on about how much money he makes.  

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carry on with + continue I want you to carry on with the project while I am out of town.  

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catch on slowly start to understand (inf.) He caught on after a few minutes.  

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catch up make up for lost time I will never catch up. I am too behind in my work.  

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catch up on + become up-to-date I need to catch up on world events. I haven't seen the news in ages.  

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catch up with + speed up to be at the same place as a person or thing in front of you I had to run to catch up with the others.  

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check * off + make a mark next to (an item on a list) Check each name off the list.  

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check * out + investigate, take a look at He checked out the new restaurant down the street.  

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check * over + closely examine the condition of something He checked over the old car to see if it was worth buying.  
         

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check * through send luggage through (to a destination) Your luggage will be checked through to Paris.  

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check back return to see if everything is OK We will check back tomorrow to make sure the project is finished.  

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check by + go to a place to see if everything is OK We need to check by the office to see if the documents are ready.  

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check for + try to find They checked for termites before they bought the house.  

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check in enter a hospital, hotel etc. They need to check in before noon.  

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check into + enter a hospital, hotel etc. They checked into the hotel at 11:00 AM.  

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check into + investigate, look for (often through a service) We are checking into discount flights to London.  

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check on + make sure something is OK Let's check on the baby again before we go to sleep.  

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check out leave a hotel, hospital It's already eleven. We need to check out.  

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check out of + leave a hotel, hospital We checked out of the hotel before ten.  

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check up on + investigate someone or something The police are checking up on the bomb threats.  

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check with + ask a person for confirmation He needs to check with his parents before he goes.  

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cheer * up make someone feel cheerful The party really cheered me up.  

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cheer up become cheerful Cheer up. Everything will be all right.  

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chew * up + chew into small pieces The dog chewed up my shoe.  

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chop * down + fell/cut ( a tree) The lumberjack chopped the tree down.  

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chop * up + chop/cut into small bits He chopped the meat up into little pieces.  

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clean * up + tidy Susan cleaned the mess up before she left.  

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clear * up + tidy Susan cleared up the mess before she left.  

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clear out leave ( inf.) Everybody clear out! We're closed.  
         

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close * down + close a place permanently The corner market closed down because they didn't have many customers.  

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close * up + close temporarily They are closing the ski resort up for the summer.  

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close down close permanently The bar was closed down because they served alcohol to minors.  

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close in on + approach and threaten The rebels were closing in on the capital, so the government called in the army.  

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close up close temporarily The ski resort is closing up for the summer.  

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come about occur / happen How did you idea for the book come about.  

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come across + discover by accident They came across some lost Mayan ruins in the jungle.  

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come across + initially seem or have the appearance He comes across as rather rude, but he isn't.  

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come along accompany someone If you want, you can come along.  

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come along progress How's the research paper coming along.  

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come along with + accompany Sam came along with us to the beach.  

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come along with + progress How are you coming along with the research paper.  

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come away leave a place with a particular feeling or impression I came away from the meeting feeling like the presentation was a success.  

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come back return What time are you coming back?  

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come by visit a person at their house I'll come by later this afternoon.  

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come by +  get, receive How did you come by that new Mercedes?  

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come down with + become sick with He came down with the flu.  

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come into + inherit He came into a large sum of money when his aunt died.  

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come off + fall off, break off The handle came off the suitcase when I picked it up.  

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come out appear I didn't see the car at first. It came out of nowhere.  
         

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come out reveal you are homosexual Sam finally came out last month.  

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come out turn out, end up The pictures came out great.  

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come out with + produce and distribute a product Microsoft is coming out with a new video game system next month.  

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come over visit someone at their house Why don't you come over after work for dinner.  

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come through do what is needed or expected Terry really came through for us in the end.  

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come to regain consciousness Don't worry! She faints all the time. She always comes to after a few minutes.  

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come up to + approach; to equal The job offer didn't come up to her expectations.  

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come up with + produce or create (an idea, a plan) She came up with a great proposal for the new advertising campaign.  

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come with + include (an accessory) The computer system doesn't come with a printer.  

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count * in + include Did you count expenses in?  

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count * out + exclude You can count James out. He hates playing poker.  

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count * up + add Count the change up and see how much we have.  

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count on + depend/rely on You can really count on Sarah.  

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crack down on + become tougher on, better enforce laws on The police have been cracking down on drunk driving.  

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crack up laugh uncontrollably, laugh a lot When I told the joke, they all cracked up.  

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crack up at + laugh uncontrollably about, laugh a lot about I cracked up at his joke.  

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cross * out + draw a line through something, eliminate Why did you cross my name out on the list?  

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cut * off interrupt someone while they were speaking She cut him off before he said something he would regret later.   

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cut * off + sever ( with a knife) His finger was accidentally cut off in an industrial accident.  

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cut * out stop an action Cut it out! You're bothering me.  
         

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cut * out + remove He cut the bone out of the steak.  

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cut * up + cut into small pieces He cut the beef up and put the pieces in the soup.  

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cut down decrease the amount of You eat too much fat. You need to cut down.   

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cut down on + decrease the amount of You need to cut down on your fat intake.  

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cut in interrupt She suddenly cut in and delivered the news  

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cut in on + interrupt She cut in on the conversation and delivered the news.  

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die away diminish in intensity The applause died away after 5 minutes.  

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die down diminish in intensity The controversy about the president's affair finally died down.  

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die off/out become extinct Whales are in danger of dying off.  

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disagree with + cause to feel sick due to food or drink Spicy food disagrees with me.  

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do * over + repeat You made many mistakes, so I want you to do the report over.  

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do away with + abolish Some Americans want to do away with the death penalty.  

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do without + manage without something one wants or needs I couldn't do without a car in California.  

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draw * up + create ( a contract) Let's draw an agreement up before we go any further with this project.  

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dress * down reprimand severely The mother dressed her son down for skipping school.  

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dress * up + decorate You could dress this house up with some bright colors  

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dress down dress casually I am dressing down because we're going to a barbecue by the beach.  

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dress up wear elegant clothes She always dresses up at work.  

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drive * back + repulse The invaders were driven back by the army.  

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drop in visit someone unexpectedly Meg dropped in yesterday after dinner.  
         

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drop in on + visit someone unexpectedly Let's drop in on Julie since we're driving by her house.  

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drop out quit an organized activity Yuri isn't on the team any more. He dropped out.  

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drop out of + quit an organized activity (school) It's difficult to get a good job if you drop out of high school.  

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drop over visit someone casually Drop over any time you feel like talking.  

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eat * up + devour Ken ate the cookies up.  

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eat away gradually destroy, erode The heavy rains ate away at the sandstone cliffs.  

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eat in eat inside the home We usually eat in instead of going out for dinner.  

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eat out eat outside the home They eat out once a week.  

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face up to + acknowledge something difficult or embarrassing I'll never be able to face up to my colleagues after getting so drunk last night at the work party.  

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fall back on + be able to use in case of emergency Yuki can fall back on her degree in biology if she doesn't succeed in her acting career.  

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fall behind go slower than scheduled, lag Hurry up or you will fall behind!  

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fall behind in + go slower than scheduled, lag Cheryl has missed several days of school and now she is falling behind in her homework.  

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fall off decrease Interest in the project fell off when they realized it wouldn't be profitable.  

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fall out with + have an argument with I had a falling out with my sister last month and we haven't talked to each other since.  

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fall through fail to happen Unfortunately, my trip to Indonesia fell through because I couldn't save enough money.  

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feel * up + grope She sued her boss for sexual harassment after he felt her up.  

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feel up to + have the energy to do something I don't feel up to going out tonight because I had a long day at work.  

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fight back Defend oneself - fight against or resist strongly The pocice fought back when the criminals started attacking  

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figure * out + solve something, understand I finally figured the joke out. Now I understand why everybody was laughing.  

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figure * up + calculate I need to figure my expenses up before I give you an estimate.  
         

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figure on + expect Where do you figure on living when you move to the the U.S.A.?  

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fill * in + complete  Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the application.  

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fill * out + complete (an application) I filled out an application to rent the apartment last week.  

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fill * up + fill to the top Fill the car up with unleaded gas, please.  

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fill in substitute Who is going to fill in while you're gone?  

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fill in for + substitute for Miguel filled in for me at the meeting yesterday because I was sick.  

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fill out mature, get breasts Now that you're filling out honey, we need to get you a bra.  

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find out discover Vicky's parents are going to be so mad when they find out she got a tattoo.  

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find out + discover You will never find out all my secrets!  

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fix * up + repair, renovate, remodel My neighbors are fixing their house up.  

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get * across + cause to be understood It's difficult to get humor across in another language.  

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get * off  remove ( a spider from your shirt) Can you get this spider off my shirt?  

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get * off + send (a package) I finally got my sister's birthday present off yesterday.  

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get * on put on (clothes) You should get your jacket on because it's going to be cold.  

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get * up cause someone to rise (from a sitting position or a lying position) Ahmed got Abdul up at 5:30 in the morning by turning the music up really loud.  

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get ahead make progress I can't get ahead even though I work two jobs.  

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get ahead of + surpass You need to work overtime in order to get ahead of schedule.  

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get along have a good relationship Do you and your sister get along?  

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get along with + have a good relationship Giovanna doesn't get along with her two brothers.  

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get around go many places It's easy to get around town with public transportation.  
         

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get around + avoid someone or something Some people get around paying taxes by hiring a good accountant.  

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get away escape The bank robbers got away.  

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get away with + do something against the rules or illegal and not get caught or punished My sister gets away with everything!  

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get by survive without having the things you need or want I lost my job, so I am having a hard time getting by this year.  

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get by on + survive with minimal resources It's nearly impossible to get by on making minimum wage.  

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get by with + manage with You don't need a computer. You can get by with the typewriter.  

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get down to + get serious about a topic Enough small talk. Let's get down to business.  

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get in enter Get in. I will give you a ride to school  

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get in + enter ( a car, a small boat) Get in the front seat. You will have more leg room.  

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get off leave It's dangerous to sit on the roof. Get off!  

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get off idiomatic phrase - How does he justify saying that?! Where does he get off saying that?!  

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get off + leave (a bus, plane, train, boat) We need to get off the bus at the next stop.  

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get on enter (a bus, train), mount (a horse, a bike) The train is leaving. Quick, get on!  

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get on have a good relationship Natasha doesn't get on with her co-workers.  

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get on + enter (a bus, train), mount ( a horse, a bike) Get on my bike and I will give you a ride home.  

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get on with + have a good relationship Do you get on with your neighbors?  

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get on with + continue an activity Now that the police have left, let's get on with the party!  

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get out of + exit (a small boat, car, an enclosed area) I fell into the water when I tried to get out of the canoe.  

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get over + recover (a cold, a disease, an ex-boyfriend/ex-girlfriend)  Jennifer still hasn't gotten over her breakup with Peter.  

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get through penetrate The door was jammed, so we couldn't get through.  
         

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get through (with) + finish Have you gotten through with your homework yet?  

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get through + complete We will never get through all of these boxes by 9:00 PM.  

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get through + penetrate We need a stronger drill to get through this wall.  

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get through to + make contact It's hard to get through to Janet because her telephone line is always busy.  

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get up rise (from sitting position or a bed) What time did you get up this morning?  

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give * away + give something without asking for anything in exchange Why did Nancy give all of her furniture away?  

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give * away + betray (a secret) We are having a surprise party for Susan next Saturday, so don't give our surprise away by acting suspicious.  

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give * back + return something you borrowed When are you going to give that book back to your teacher?  

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give * out + distribute I earn extra money by giving out brochures on the street.  

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give * up + surrender something The police told the thief to give his gun up.  

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give in stop trying Never give in! You can do it!  

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give out become very tired (inf.) I hope this car doesn't give out in the middle of the desert.  

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give up surrender Never give up learning English!  

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give  off + release (a smell, light) That white flower gives off a beautiful smell.  

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go away leave I yelled at the dogs to make them go away.  

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go back return When are you going back to your house?  

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go back on + not keep (one's word, a promise) Don't trust him. He always goes back on his promises.  

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go by + go past, go close to, visit quickly We go by the coffee shop everyday.  

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go down decrease The cost of flight tickets is going down.  

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go for idiomatic phrase - I am craving pepperoni pizza. I could go for pepperoni pizza.  
         

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go for + try to achieve Our team is going for the gold medal in the Olympics.  

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go in for + participate ( inf.) Are you going to go in for soccer this year at school?  

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go into + discuss in detail I really don't want to go into that now.  

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go off explode The bomb could go off at any moment.  

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go off begin, start (used with signals, alarms, warning sounds) The alarm clock went off at 6:00 AM.  

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go off stop (said of a machine) The DVD player goes off automatically if you are not using it.  

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go off become angry Maria went off last night after I told her about losing her bike.  

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go on continue Please, go on. Don't let me interrupt you.  

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go on happen This place is a mess! What went on here last night?  

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go on with + continue ( a plan, a conversation) I think we should go on with the meeting and stop wasting time.  

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go out stop burning ( a fire) The fire went out after three days.  

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go out take part in social activities (usually at night) They love to go out every Saturday night.  

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go over be well received, succeed That didn't go over well.  

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go over + review Do you usually go over your notes before class?  

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go through + examine in detail, study carefully I need to have my lawyer go through this contract before I sign it.  

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go through + endure; experience challenges, difficulties or traumas She has gone through so much in her life.  

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go through with + continue or proceed despite difficulties or fears I have decided to go through with the operation.  

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go with + match (clothing) That shirt doesn't go with those pants.  

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go with + accompany a person I am going with Alejandro to the party.  

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go with + have a boyfriend/girlfriend I am going with Yuri.  
         

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go without + abstain from something you want or need A person can go without water for three days.  

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grow under go out of business The restaurant went under after it lost its liquor license.  

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grow up mature Your brother needs to grow up and start thinking about his future.  

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hand * back + return Is the teacher going to hand back our tests today?  

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hand * down + pronounce formally The president is going to hand his decision down on health care tonight.  

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hand * down +  give as an inheritance When my clothes got too small for me as a child, I handed them down to my sister.  

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hand * in + submit I have to hand in an offer by March 12.  

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hand * out + distribute We should hand the concert fliers out at school.  

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hand * over + relinquish control of Hand your car keys over. You're too drunk to drive.  

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hang * up + suspend (clothes on a hanger) You can hang your jacket up in the front closet.  

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hang around stay in a place for fun Those guys just hang around all day.  

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hang around + stay in a place for fun ( inf.) Maria and Salvador usually hang around the beach after school.  

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hang out stay in a place for fun What are you doing? - - I'm just hanging out.  

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hang out + stay in a place for fun (inf.) Let's go hang out at the mall tonight.  

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hang up  put down the telephone receiver Don't hang up. I'm going to change phones.  

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have * on + wear Do you have your hiking boots on?  

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have * over invite guests to your home Why don't we have Mr. and Mrs. Jones over for dinner tonight.  

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hear from + receive news from (a letter, an e-mail) Have you heard from Steve lately?  

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hear of + know about something or somebody Have you heard of chocolate covered ants?  

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hit on + find on accident I hit on the idea while watching the Simpsons show.  
         

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hit on + flirt with Jay's friend Marc was trying to hit on my sister last night.  

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hold * back + restrain The police held the demonstrators back while the politicians entered the building.  

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hold * off + restrain Mr. Johnson held the dog off while we crossed the yard.  

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hold * up + delay (a flight, traffic); The accident held traffic up for an hour.  

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hold * up +  rob (a bank, a person) with a weapon Five men held the bank up yesterday.  

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hold back not allow to advance in school The teacher held Frank back a year, so he couldn't enter fifth grade.  

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hold off on + delay We should hold off on making dinner until your parents arrive.  

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hold on grasp tightly  Hold on tight! The roller coaster is about to take off.  

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hold on tell someone to wait on the telephone Hold on a minute. I'll get Carol.  

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hold on to + grasp tightly Make sure you hold on to the hand rail as you walk down the stairs.  

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hold out not give in, continue to resist Stop holding out and tell us where you found all of these old records.  

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hold out against + not give in, resist They held out against enemy attack.  

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hook * up +  make the electrical connections required for a machine or information service Can you hook up the fax machine for me?  

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iron * out eliminate We need to have a meeting this week in order to iron out the distribution problems.  

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jack up + to raise We need to jack up the car before we change the tire.  

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joke around to be humorous Mike is always joking around at work.  

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jump in  enter a conversation Feel free to jump in at any moment while we are talking.  

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jump to + make a quick, poorly thought out decision You shouldn't jump to conclusions.  

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keep * around have handy, have accessible I always keep a dictionary around to translate new words.  

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keep * away prevent access to, hold back Keep the kids away from the cookies.  
         

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keep * back maintain a safe distance, cause to maintain a safe distance Keep back! The burning building is about to collapse.  

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keep * down not vomit, not throw up, keep in one's stomach If I ate that, I down know if I could keep it down.  

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keep * in keep in a particular place, have something in a specific location When I am not using it, I keep my passport in this drawer.  

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keep * off prevent from stepping or climbing on to something Keep the cat off the couch.  

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keep * out prevent from entering Keep the dog out of the garden; he keeps digging up the flowers.  

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keep * over cover something with, put something above I keep a tarp over my bicycle at night to prevent it from getting wet.  

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keep * up + continue  You are doing a great job! Keep it up.  

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keep at + not give up (an activity), to persevere You should keep at your studies.  

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keep on continue He kept on talking after everybody asked him to stop.  

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keep to + continue, persist in (an activity) Everybody said she would never finish the puzzle, but she kept to it until it was done.  

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keep up stay on the required schedule You have to keep up if you want to work here.  

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keep up with + stay on schedule with (a person, the workload, homework) I have so much reading that I can't keep up with the writing exercises.  

.

kick back sit or lie back (to relax)  After work, I like to kick back in front of the TV and relax.  

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kick in begin taking effect  The medicine takes one hour to kick in.  

.

lay * off + suspend someone from a job (during a slow period) The company was losing money, so they had to lay off 100 workers.  

.

lay * out + arrange Why don't we lay the pieces of the table out before we put it together.  

.

lay down + establish (laws, rules) Lori lays down the law in her class. English only!  

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lay in on + scold or criticize severely My mom really laid in on me when I got home at 4:00 in the morning last night.  

.

lay into + scold or criticize severely I saw Reto's mom lay into him when he came home late last night.  

.

lay  away + save for the future Why don't you lay away your wedding outfit?  
         

.

leave * out + not include, omit Why did your parents leave you out of their vacation plans?  

.

let * down disappoint I felt let down when I didn't receive a birthday card from my sister.  

.

let * down lengthen (pants in sewing) My uncle is a tailor, so he can let your pants down.  

.

let * out release  I am happy my brother was let out of prison early.  

.

let * out make bigger (in sewing) I need to let out this skirt because I have gained weight.  

.

let up weaken in intensity I told her NO a thousand times, but she won't let up.  

.

lie down rest, recline  I need to lie down before we go out tonight.  

.

lie down on + rest, recline ( on a couch, bed) I'm going to lie down on the sofa for a while.  

.

lie with + be decided by Whether or not you can go to the party lies with your father.  

.

light * up + illuminate Let's get some candles to light this room up.  

.

light up + to smoke Do you have to light up another cigarette? I thought you were trying to cut down.  

.

live * down + live in a way that a shameful or embarrassing event is forgotten Jose will never live down singing that song at the karaoke bar.  

.

live on + survive from I could live on bread and cheese.  

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live up to + keep a standard  It would be hard to live up to her parent's expectations.  They are so demanding.  

.

look * over + examine, review When I'm camping, I look my shoes over before I put them on.  

.

look * up + search for (in a dictionary)  I takes time to look up new vocabulary words.  

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look * up + locate and visit If you ever travel to California, you should look me up.  

.

look after + take care of (a child, a house, a pet) When my sister goes on vacation, I look after her dog.  

.

look back on + to remember nostalgically When I look back on my childhood, I often feel angry.  

.

look down on + see as inferior She's so conceited. She looks down on everybody else.  
         

.

look for + to seek or search for I'm looking for my keys. Have you seen them?  

.

look forward to + anticipate with pleasure I am looking forward to traveling to New York next year.  

.

look into + investigate The police are looking into the murder.  

.

look on observe as a spectator Everybody just looked on as the two men fought.  

.

look out be careful, pay attention, heed a certain danger Look out, there's a black widow spider on the wall.  

.

look up to + respect, admire someone He looks up to his father.  

.

make * out decipher I can't make out your handwriting. What does this say?  

.

make * out + write a check or other document Who should I make this check out to?   

.

make * over do again The teacher made me do my homework over.  

.

make * up + invent ( a story) Don't believe anything she says. She always makes things up.  

.

make * up + complete what was missed Fortunately, my professor let me make up the exam I missed yesterday.  

.

make * up + put on cosmetics I takes me 10 minutes to make my face up.  

.

make out succeed He really made out in the stock market last year.  

.

make out progress How is your son making out in his new job?  

.

make out kiss passionately I saw Benno and Isabelle making out in the movie theater last night!  

.

make out with +  kiss someone passionately Did you make out with Sally?  

.

make up reconcile You two have been friends for so long that I think you should make up.  

.

make up for + compensate for Allen made up for being late by getting me flowers.  

.

mix * up + confuse I sometimes mix the verb tenses up.  

.

mix * up + blend We need to mix up these different kinds of nuts before we put them in a bowl.  
         

.

mix * up + make lively (a party) Let's mix up this party with a little disco music.  

.

name * after + name a child using another family member's name I was named after my grandfather.  

.

nod off fall asleep The movie was so boring that I nodded off before it was finished.  

.

nose around + sneak around I hate it when my mother noses around my room.  

.

occur to + pop into one's mind, come to one's mind It didn't occur to us that we had left the iron on.  

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open up share feelings I'm  glad that John feels comfortable enough around me to open up.  

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out to + verb try to She is out to get revenge now that her husband left her for another woman.  

.

pan out be successful, turn out well The trip to Vegas didn't pan out.  

.

pass * off + try to convince someone that something is real He tried to pass the fake watch off as a real Rolex.  

.

pass * on + transmit Please pass this message on to your co-workers.  

.

pass * out + distribute We need to pass out these flyers for the concert tomorrow.  

.

pass * up + not take advantage (of an opportunity) I can't believe she passed up the opportunity to study in Rome.  

.

pass away die After battling cancer for several years, he finally passed away at the age of 87.  

.

pass on die I am afraid Professor Johnson has passed on.  

.

pass on + not accept (an invitation to eat or do something) Jennifer passed on the invitation to join us for dinner.  

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pass out become unconscious He passed out because the room was too hot.  

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pay * back + repay If I loan you money, will you pay me back.  

.

pay * off + complete payment on a debt It took me ten years to pay off my credit card debt.  

.

pay * off + to bribe Don't try to pay the police officer off if you get pulled over for speeding.  

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pick * out + choose Diane picked out a lovely dress for the dance.  
         

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pick * up + to lift an object with the hands Keep your back straight when you lift the TV up.  

.

pick * up + come and get someone in a car What time are you going to pick me up.   

.

pick * up + learn something without effort It's possible to pick up enough English in two weeks to get by on your trip to Los Angeles.  

.

pick * up + try to initiate a relationship with someone (often in a bar) Some weird guy tried to pick Patricia up at the bar.  

.

pick on + to tease, bully She keeps picking on me! Make her stop.  

.

pick up grow, increase (inf.) Business is really picking up this quarter.  

.

play * down + make less important (inf.) The President played down his affair with the intern.  

.

play * up highlight something (inf.) She played up her part in the new movie, but it was actually a very small role.  

.

play up to + flatter someone for your personal advantage She has been playing up to the boss because she wants a promotion.  

.

point * out + indicate I'd like to point out that figures in column two might be outdated.  

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pull down earn He pulls down about $300,000 a year.  

.

pull in park (a vehicle) Mark pulled in too quickly and crashed into the wall.  

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pull out depart (a vehicle) Our train pulls out at 8:00, so don't be late.  

.

pull through barely survive I didn't think she was going to make it, but she pulled through in the end.  

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put * across + communicate (an idea or suggestion) clearly so that it is understood I thought Ms. Smith put her ideas across rather clearly in the meeting.  

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put * away + return to the proper place of storage I told you kids to put your toys away.  

.

put * down + insult, say bad things about She always puts down people who don't share her opinions.  

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put * off + postpone Don't put off your work - do it now!  

.

put * on + wear Make sure you put on a sweater before you go outside.  

.

put * on + deceive I didn't believe a thing he said. I think he was putting me on.  
         

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put * out + extinguish (a fire) Don't use water to put out a grease fire.  

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put * out + inconvenience someone I don't want to put you out, but could you pick me up at the airport.  

.

put * up have a guest stay in your house for a short time Can you put me up while I'm in town.  

.

put in + officially submit a request (in the armed forces or public services) He put in for a transfer to the division in Los Angeles.  

.

put out + spend (usually used with unreasonably large sums of money) I can't put out that much money each month.  

.

put up with + tolerate Sandy will not put up with smoking in her house.   

.

quiet * down + be quiet, or cause to be quiet The neighbors told us to quiet down last night or they would call the police.  

.

read up on + research a topic for a reason I need to read up on the company before I go on the job interview.  

.

ring * up telephone Jack rung me up last night at 3:00 in the morning.  

.

rule * out + eliminate I wouldn't rule out the possibility of moving to another country if I get a good job offer.  

.

run * down trace Have you run down those phone numbers I asked for last week?  

.

run * down criticize My boss runs everyone down.  

.

run * down hit with a car My dog was run down by a bus.  

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run * off reproduce (photocopies) Would you mind running off 10 copies of this document for me?  

.

run * off + make leave The new government is trying to run the drug traffickers off.  

.

run across + find or meet unexpectedly I ran across some old photos while I was cleaning my house.  

.

run against + compete in an election Gore ran against Bush in the 2000 elections in the U.S.A.  

.

run away leave home permanently before you are a legal adult The child ran away because her parents beat her.  

.

run away from + escape from The child ran away from its parents.  

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run down loose power, be very tired You need to wind your watch so it doesn't run down.  
         

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run for + campaign for a government position Gore is running for president of the U.S.A.  

.

run into + meet unexpectedly I ran into my English teacher at the movies last night. She's so nice!  

.

run off leave quickly Why did you run off after the party?  

.

run off waste water You shouldn't swim where the sewage runs off into the ocean.  

.

run out of + not have any more of something We ran out of milk this morning, so we need to go to the store.  

.

save * up + accumulate (money) I hope I will be able to save up enough money to go to school.  

.

see * off  say good-bye to someone at the beginning of their trip (at the airport, train station) Did you see your sister off at the train station?  

.

see * through finish something despite difficulties Are you going to be able to see your studies through now that you have a baby?  

.

see about + arrange or consider something My dad said he was going to see about buying me a car.  

.

see to +  make sure something happens, arrange I'll see to it that Mr. Ramirez gets your message.  

.

sell * out tell on someone My partner in crime sold me out for a reduced jail sentence.  

.

set * up falsely incriminate a person I don't think he killed those men. Somebody set him up.  

.

set * up  arrange a relationship My mom set me up with her friend's son.  

.

set up + arrange (an appointment, a meeting,etc.) I set up an appointment with my doctor at 3:30 this afternoon.  

.

settle on + make a decision after a period of time I settled on the job at the oil company.  

.

settle up pay one's debts We need to settle up before you move.  

.

show * off + show to everybody with a lot of pride He always shows off his new things.  

.

show * up make someone seem inferior He's always trying to show up his co-workers in order to get ahead.  

.

show off boast, draw attention to oneself Young boys show off in order to impress girls.  

.

show up arrive without previous notice I hadn't seen my cousin for years, and all of a sudden, he showed up at my workplace yesterday!  
         

.

shut * off stop from functioning If you don't pay your electric bill, your power is going to get shut off.  

.

shut * up make quiet Would someone shut him up! He's talking so loudly that we're going to get in trouble.  

.

slow * down + make move more slowly Because Mary's level in English is lower than the rest of the students, she slows the class down.  

.

slow * up + make move more slowly Because Mary's level in English is lower than the rest of the students, she slows the class up.  

.

spell * out + to explain something in a detailed way so that the meaning is clearly understood He's so stupid that you have to spell everything our for him.  

.

stand * up not arrive to a date or an appointment (inf.) I arranged to meet Joe at the library at 8:00, but he stood me up. I hope he has a good excuse.  

.

stand by wait  I need you to stand by and answer the phone when my broker calls.  

.

stand for + represent SCUBA stands for "self contained underwater breathing apparatus."  

.

stand for + tolerate I won't stand for people criticizing me.  

.

stand out be very noticeable Soledad is so beautiful! She really stands out in a crowd.  

.

stand up for + defend (something one believes in) Every individual must stand up for what they believe in.  

.

stand up to + defend oneself against someone or something I think you should stand up to your older brother and tell him to stop pushing you around.  

.

stay over spend the night at a person's house It takes you so long to take the bus home, so why don't you just stay over?  

.

stick it to + severely criticize a person (inf.) My boss really stuck it to me when I arrived late to work for the third time this week.  

.

stick to + persevere, keep trying Even though English is a hard language to master, you must stick to it!  

.

stick up for + defend oneself or opinions Joseph joined the army because he believes he must stick up for his country.  

.

take * away + remove, seize or capture The soldiers took the captives away.  

.

take * back + retract something you said I demand that you take back what you said.  

.

take * back + return an item to a store The dress my grandmother bought for me didn't fit, so I took it back and exchanged it for a pair of pants.  

.

take * down + write down what is said Would you mind taking down my messages while I am on vacation?  
         

.

take * down + remove (from a high place) The city government made the shop take down their bright, neon sign.  

.

take * for consider, view as Do you take me for an idiot?  

.

take * in + learning Are you taking in all of these phrasal verbs?  

.

take * in + deceive a person He was taken in by the con artist.  

.

take * in + make smaller when sewing I lost weight, so I need to take some of my skirts to the tailor to have them taken in.  

.

take * off when a plane or rocket leaves the ground My stomach felt funny when the plane took off.  

.

take * off + remove In many cultures, it is appropriate to take off your shoes when entering a house.  

.

take * off + leave work or school for a period of time I was sick last week, so I took a few days off of work.  

.

take * out + accompany a person on a date (for dinner, the movies) I can't meet you tonight because I am taking Fernanda out to dinner.  

.

take * over + take control of Who is going to take over the family business when Aretha's father dies?  

.

take * up + begin a new hobby Have you taken up any new hobbies since you moved here?  

.

take * up + discuss (at a later date) We should take this issue up in the meeting tomorrow.  

.

take * up + shorten a garment when sewing This dress is too long, I am going to take it up.  

.

take after + resemble a parent or relative I take after my father. Who do you take after?  

.

take off leave We took off after dinner.  

.

take on + accept (responsibilities, work) She has taken on too much responsibility in this project.  

.

take over take control of If the President is assassinated, the Vice-president will take over.  

.

take up + occupy space This couch takes up too much space in the living room.  

.

talk * over + discuss I hope my parents talk their relationship problems over before they get divorced.  

.

talk back respond in an impolite way to an adult Don't talk back!  
         

.

talk back to + respond in an impolite way to an adult Children should not talk back to their parents.  

.

tear * down + destroy The county decided to tear down the dilapidated school and build a new one.  

.

tear * up + tear or rip into small pieces I always tear up my personal papers before I throw them out.  

.

tell * off + criticize a person severely, reprimand (inf.) Carolina told me off when she found out I was gossiping about her date with Martin.  

.

tell on + report a crime to the police or bad behavior to a parent  Every time I did something wrong when I was a child, my sister would tell on me.  

.

think * over + consider Think over the offer before you sign the contract.  

.

think * through +  consider carefully You need to think this through carefully before you make a decision.  

.

think * up + create or invent a false story I need to think up an excuse for not going to her party.  

.

throw * away + discard Don't throw away those bottles; we can recycle them.  

.

throw * out + discard I asked him not to throw out the Sunday newspaper because I wanted to save an article.  

.

throw * out + remove by force from (a room, school, a house, etc.) Mary threw out her roommate because she stopped paying rent.  

.

throw up vomit If you drink too much alcohol, you might throw up.  

.

tie * up + tie securely When we dock, make sure you tie the boat up.  

.

tire * out cause someone to be very tired Speaking English all day tires me out.  

.

touch * up make the final improvements We didn't paint the whole kitchen, we just touched up the cabinets.  

.

touch on + talk about for a short time The presidential candidates touched on the subject of health care during the debates.  

.

try * on + put on to make sure a piece of clothing fits Try on the pants before you buy them.  

.

try * out test Try out this massage chair - it feels great!  

.

turn * around change or reverse direction Turn the car around and go back home.  

.

turn * away refuse to deal with or give service They turned us away at the border because we didn't have visas.  
         

.

turn * down + refuse an offer; reject an application She turned down the new job in New York, because she didn't want to move.  

.

turn * down + lower the volume or intensity of a TV, radio, or other machine I'm studying! Please turn down the TV.  

.

turn * in submit You need to turn your essays in next week.  

.

turn * off + stop the function of (a stove, a water faucet, a car, etc.) Don't forget to turn off the iron before you leave the house.  

.

turn * on cause to be excited sexually  Scientists have discovered that the smell of cinnamon turns many people on.  

.

turn * on + start the function of a TV, a radio, a machine Turn on the TV. The baseball game starts in a few minutes.  

.

turn * out produce  The weavers can turn out two or three rugs a month.  

.

turn * out switch off a light Turn out the light before you go to bed.  

.

turn * over give to authorities (said of evidence or stolen / lost property) They turned the wallet over to the police.  

.

turn * up + increase the volume or intensity of a TV, radio, or other machine Turn up the TV. I can't hear what they're saying.  

.

turn in go to bed (inf.) It's getting late. I think it is about time to turn in.  

.

turn into +  become something different, transform When she kissed the frog, it turned into a handsome prince.  

.

turn on + attack unexpectedly The pit bull suddenly turned on the small child.  

.

turn out audience members to a function Over 100,000 people turned out for the concert.  

.

turn out end up being She turned out to be the murderer after all.  

.

turn up find unexpectedly My keys turned up in the bedroom.  

.

use * up use all of something I used up all of the soap, so we need to buy some more.  

.

veer away from + stay away from, avoid I veer away from the same old summer blockbuster films  

.

yak on to continue talking in an annoying way ("on" can be repeated for emphasis) He just yakked on and on and on.  

.

yak on about + to continue talking in an annoying way about something ("on" can be repeated for emphasis) She just yakked on and on about her husband's new job.  
         

.

yammer on to talk in an annoying way or complain ("on" can be repeated for emphasis) They yammered on and on and on.  

.

yammer on about + to talk in an annoying way about something or complain about ("on" can be repeated for emphasis) He just yammered on and on about how horrible the waiter was.  

.

zero in on + discover, pinpoint I think I have zeroed in on what has been causing the problem.  

.

zip around + move quickly from place to place I zipped around town after work today.  

.

zone out stop paying attention He zoned out during class.  

.

zonk out fall asleep Jill was so exhausted after taking the TOEFL test that she zonked out before dinner.  

.

zoom in focus You need a telephoto lens to zoom in.  

.

zoom in on + focus on something, pinpoint She zoomed in on his face while taking the picture.  

.

 





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